1. The Short Story Formula

As you probably all remember from Middle School, a short story follows a certain formula. A graphic of the formula is shown below. Look at it and then read about what happens in each part of the short story.

short story graphic.bmp (278006 bytes)

Exposition - Introduces the characters, setting, conflict, etc.

Rising Action – elaborates on the conflict, develops characters, introduces tone, furthers the plot, builds suspense, etc.

Climax – decisive point where the conflict must be resolved: could be either a positive event or a negative one.

Falling Action – the results of the climax occur: these events can't really be helped because the the climax dictate what must happen next.

Resolution – (also called the denouement) the end result of the climax and falling action. In a short story, it is possible that the climax, falling action, and resolution can all be very close together.

Just remember, all short stories are not built alike. Some vary this formula by combining, deleting, or shortening parts. For now, you have to work with the five parts.

2. Applying the Formula to a Story.

Get a copy of the short story "A&P" from a librarian.  Read the story, and as you read, think about the five parts of a short story and see how "A&P" fits the formula.

After you read the story, write up an analysis of the story in which you state which parts of the story were the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.

Assignment: analyze "A&P" according to the five parts of a short story.
Save As: "A&P"
Save In: Homework folder
Due: MONDAY! the 24th. (There are no 8th Period classes this Friday; we're having a community meeting!)